Chinese Inventions

Inventive Chinese

Needed to stay dry, so the

Very helpful umbrella was

Extraordinarily necessary for the people.

Neon lights go on the kites

Tangrams are another kind of

Invention with 7 different shapes.

Obtuse angles are on almost all inventions

New ideas can turn into new inventions

So many inventions were made in China.











The Chinese invented kites about 3,000 years ago, during the Han dynasty. The first kite was made of silk and wood. The first kite was flown by a farmer. He tied a string to his hat and at the end of the string was silk. The kite was used for many things like to send messages. Chinese military attached bamboo pipes to the kites. As the kites flew over the enemy, wind passed through the pipes causing a whistling sound. The noise caused the troops to panic and to run away. Kites came in many different shapes and sizes, like birds, butterflies, tadpoles, and dragons. Kites came in lot of bright colors, too.  Kite is the oldest form of aircraft. Most kites came from China. Many people still fly kites today. We thank the Chinese for letting us have lots of fun.










During the Han dynasty, the umbrella was invented. The first umbrella was made of oiled paper. The frames were made of mulberry or bamboo wood. People held it above there heads to protect themselves from sun and rain. The umbrella was very, very popular in China. When it rains, we thank the Chinese for keeping us dry.









Did you no that the original paper was made of the mulberry tree? It was washed and beat to pulp. The emperor Ts’ailun got the idea from the bark cloth in the 1700s. In 100 A.D. paper was invented.












Seven pieces! Seven flat shapes called tan! The first tangrams were made before history was written down.  Tangrams were invented by the Chinese. A man dropped a square glass and it hit the floor and broke into seven pieces. That was the first tangram made. Working a tangram is a good exercise for your brain. The ancient Chinese thought tangrams were a game for women and children.  The Chinese could make more than 1,600 patterns. The word “tangram” means puzzle or trinket.  The 7 shapes were two big triangles, 1 medium triangle, 2 little triangles, 1 parallelogram, and a big square.












Boom! Did you know that fireworks were created by a chef? He mixed these ingredients together:  saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal. He thought it would be a food, so he put it in a bamboo shoot. What he found was a huge explosion! That was the beginning of the fire cracker. Fireworks were used to scare off evil spirits. And used for New Year’s celebration.










Paper Money

The first use of paper money was during the Song Dynasty. The Chinese invented paper money in the 9th century. Paper money did not succeed everywhere. Paper money was made of mulberry leaves, old fish nets, hemp, tree bark, and rags. Its first name was flying money, because it was so light. When Marco Polo visited China he was impressed by paper money.












Did you know that Chinese were the first people to invent matches? Matches were invented in 577 A.D. during the kingdom of Northern Ch’i. Early matches were made of sticks and pinewood. Chinese matches strike fire out of the top. The top is made of sulfur to help light fire. When it is struck it lights a fire. Matches were used for lighting fires, stoves, nightlights, fire crackers, and lamps so kids can sleep. But don’t forget every time we strike a match we are using a Chinese invention.








The wheelbarrow was invented in China in the first century. The wheelbarrow was invented by a man in the Chinese army named Chuk Liang. The wheelbarrow was invented to make chores easier to do. The wheelbarrow can be powered by humans or animals. The wheelbarrow has one wheel in the middle. Soldiers use the wheelbarrow to carry people out of battlefields. Farmers used the wheelbarrow to carry crops to the market. Builders use the wheelbarrow to move heavy supplies. The wheelbarrow has not changed for 1,700 years. Isn`t that amazing?


Fishing Rod

The earliest evidence of the ancient Chinese invention of the fishing reel comes from the 4th century AD. It was shown in an ancient painting.



A long time ago about 2,500 years ago, people in China came up with an abacus. An abacus helps with math. It was the first computer. An abacus can be used for addition, subtraction, and to multiply. The old ones had beads that were separated by a crossbar. Some of the ones today don’t have a crossbar to separate the beads. When you use an abacus, you are using a computer!